United Nations Environmental Programme
topic 1: ILLICIT wildlife trade
In recent years, the illicit wildlife trade has become more expansive than ever before. Difficulties often arise about whether or not the items being sold are legal or not. In tracing the sale of wildlife, it is difficult to discern whether or not the wildlife was taken from restricted areas or if the person doing this had a permit to do so. The four most prominent effects of this issue are the introduction of invasive species, pressures on livelihoods, incidental killings and disruption of nature. It isn’t uncommon for people living in poverty to turn to poaching to make money; however, these people aren’t the ones behind the trade. Often times corruption and weak judicial systems will prosecute the poachers but not the people in charge of the networks, allowing the process to continue. In this committee, delegates will come together to find solutions to differentiate illegal and legal wildlife trade as well as mitigate long term environmental impacts that illegal wildlife trafficking may have.
TOPIC 2: Disposing of e-waste
With the increasing role of technology in today’s society, the issue of e-waste has become more prevalent. E-waste refers to all electronic or electric equipment that has been discarded without the intention of reuse. This discarded material contains harmful materials, and when e-waste is put in landfills or incinerators, the toxins seep into the land, negatively affecting the environment and the health of those who live near that land. While regulations have been put on the disposal of e-waste, countries looking to avoid these often turn to illegal dumping, and the market for this has flourished in developing countries. This committee must decide what steps should be taken to ensure e-waste is properly disposed of and mitigate the environmental effects of the disposal of e-waste.